Class Warfare Blog

October 4, 2019

More on the “Reality” of Our Senses

Filed under: Science — Steve Ruis @ 12:45 pm
Tags: , , ,

A recent magazine article in Quanta magazine addressed some fine points most of us are unaware of regarding our vision (Your Brain Chooses What to Let You See, <sub> Beneath our awareness, the brain lets certain kinds of stimuli automatically capture our attention by lowering the priority of the rest.).”

There are a number of fascinating limitations on our ability to “see,” that is to take in information through our eyes and process it. Consider these snippets from the article:

“Scientists have long known that our sensory processing must automatically screen out extraneous inputs — otherwise, we couldn’t experience the world as we do. When we look at our surroundings, for instance, our perceived field of view holds steady or moves smoothly with our gaze. But the eye is also constantly making small movements, or saccades; our visual system has to subtract that background jitter from what we see.

“Automatic suppressive types of mechanisms take place … through large swaths of the brain,” said Richard Krauzlis, a neuroscientist at the National Eye Institute at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland. “Basically all over the place.”

“And automatic background subtraction, it turns out, can also manifest in intriguing, unexpected ways. Take a counterintuitive finding that Tadin and his colleagues made in 2003: We’re good at perceiving the movements of small objects, but if those objects are simply made bigger, we find it much more difficult to detect their motion.”

What a lot of people don’t realize is that the sheer amount of information available to our senses would swamp any brain, supercomputer, quantum computer, you name it. So, we necessarily must dump a very high percentage of the information (bits and bytes) coming in because we have neither a way to store it nor process it. (Read the book The User Illusion by Tor Norretranders if you are interested in this topic.)

Apparently there are many, many mechanisms used to sort and prune away superfluous information. One of those is that our eyes actually have a very small cone of focus (<10°) in which our vision is sharp and detailed. Visual acuity declines by about 50% every 2.5° from the center up to 30°, at which point visual acuity declines more steeply. Consequently, our visual sense flits about, usually caused by something moving. Our attention brings the moving thing center stage where we can see it clearly. This is why TV screens in a bar or another room keep pulling on our attention. The flashing lights simulate things moving, so our eyes flick there . . . over and over and over.

The light entering our eyes, as I have mentioned, is taking 3-D information and projecting it upon a 2-D surface (the retina) losing the information from the 3rd dimension. Well, and the optics of the eye flip the images upside down and . . . and . . . well, suffice it to say, a fair amount of “post capture” video processing needs to occur.

I recommend the article to you if you are interested in how our senses do not (and really, cannot) detect “reality.” And, those who are alarmed at how much our senses fail to detect “reality,’ well, I think they doth protest too much.

Our senses can be trusted to be what they are. In that they are quite trustworthy . . . flawed but trustworthy. And just because we are not immediately aware of what is going on, that doesn’t prevent us from actually learning what is going on, so as to appreciate it for what it is and not just what we think it is.

 

8 Comments »

  1. Have you heard of this?

    https://www.theguardian.com/education/2012/nov/12/improbable-research-seeing-upside-down

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010945217301314

    I first learned of the original experiment by the Austrian in Hoffman visual intelligence.

    Like

    Comment by James Cross — October 4, 2019 @ 12:54 pm | Reply

    • Yep, quite some time ago, a pilot wore glasses that flipped everything upside down. Took him, if I remember rightly, about three days to adjust (everything flipped over and looked “right side up.” He was able to fly his plane, drive, etc. When he took the glasses off, everything appear upside down again, and another few days were necessary to gets things right side up again.

      Can you imagine? I get confused looking at things in a mirror. I can’t imagine walking around and having everything topsy turvy.

      Like

      Comment by Steve Ruis — October 4, 2019 @ 1:00 pm | Reply

      • It is hard for me to imagine too but I guess I would be forced to adapt if I couldn’t take the goggles off.

        To quote the article:

        “Images reach the eye in some peculiar fashion, and if that peculiar fashion is consistent, a person’s visual system eventually, somehow, adjusts to interpret it — to perceive it, to see it — as being no different from normal.”

        Like

        Comment by James Cross — October 4, 2019 @ 1:14 pm | Reply

  2. Thanks for giving me more to read. I still enjoy learning, even though it may not help me directly, it is still a joy to learn.
    As to the experiment above, we adapt. Consider having a limb surgically removed due to injury/whatever reason, humans adapt. Sure we get a ‘new’ or human made artificial limb, but we learn to use that new one. Those glasses/goggles…..well, just happy I didn’t have to do that experiment.
    I like your bit about our senses being trustworthy, even though they are flawed. Always look on the bright side of life.

    Like

    Comment by Walter Kronkat — October 4, 2019 @ 2:47 pm | Reply

  3. Apparently there are many, many mechanisms used to sort and prune away superfluous information.

    Or any information at all, as is the case with evangelical Trump supporters. The sheer depth of denialism going on inside this group (who’re already gladly open to being lied to) is simply amazing.

    Liked by 1 person

    Comment by john zande — October 4, 2019 @ 6:36 pm | Reply

    • LOL What we need is a better mechanism to be able to prune away superfluous people.

      Liked by 2 people

      Comment by Steve Ruis — October 7, 2019 @ 1:18 pm | Reply

      • Natural selection is frightfully slow…

        Liked by 1 person

        Comment by john zande — October 7, 2019 @ 6:23 pm | Reply

        • … but thorough. Artificial selection is still an option … let’s see we have impeachment, elections, and Heaven-sent heart attacks as options. We can only pray. (That’s actually what they want, us praying while they are preying.)

          On Mon, Oct 7, 2019 at 6:23 PM Class Warfare Blog wrote:

          >

          Liked by 1 person

          Comment by Steve Ruis — October 8, 2019 @ 12:29 pm | Reply


RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: